Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord, blocking communication between the brain and the body.
The most common causes in Australia are:
- 46% motor vehicle related incidents
- 28% related to falls
- 21% caused by medical conditions such as vascular disorders, degenerative spinal conditions, genetic disorders and cancerous lesions
(Norton L, Spinal Cord Injury, Australia 2007-08, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Injury Research and Statistics Series Number 52. Canberra; 2010)
In general, the higher the injury on the spinal cord, the more dysfunction the person will experience. Injuries are referred to as ‘complete’ or ‘incomplete’, based on any movement or sensation which occurs at or below the level of injury.
Every SCI is different and what happens with one person does not necessarily happen with another.
PQSA recommends that you seek expert SCI medical advice if you require specific information. To read the Resource Guide, click here.